文章摘要
邢 芸.父辈创业对子代创业机会有影响吗?[J].教育经济评论,2016,1(4):98-114
父辈创业对子代创业机会有影响吗?
Do Entrepreneurial Parents Influence the Probability of Offspring to Being Entrepreneurs?
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 创业;代际传递;工具变量;Probit模型
英文关键词: entrepreneurship; intergenerational transmission; instrumental variable; Probit Model
基金项目:北京师范大学“中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助”项目(SKZZA2015002),北京师范大学教育学部科研基金项目“家庭背景对个人教育收益率影响”(15秋-03-23)
作者单位
邢 芸 邢芸,北京师范大学教育学部。 
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中文摘要:
      本文基于CGSS(2010-2013)数据,分析父辈创业对子代创业机会的影响。结果表明,相对于非创业父辈的子女,父辈创业的子代选择创业的概率更大。结合我国市场经济转型期间出现的“下岗潮”等历史事实,使用20世纪90年代省级层面年度失业人员就业数作为工具变量,纠正可能存在的内生性问题。结果发现父辈创业对子代创业机会影响的正向效应仍显著存在,这可能是创业父辈对子代的非正式人力资本和财富的传递所导致的。
英文摘要:
      Focus on “entrepreneurship”, which drives researchers seeking the independent and causal perspective for intergenerational entrepreneurship. Based on the CGSS (2010 2013) data, we analyze the effect of entrepreneurial parents Influence thechildren.The results showed that compared tothe children of non entrepreneurial parents, children ofentrepreneurial parents choose entrepreneurship probability is higher. The context of the transition of market economy in China, such as the fact of the “lay offs”, it used instrument variable that was the annual number of employment who were being unemployed of provincial levels in the 1990s, to correct endogenous problem.We have found that parents’ entrepreneurship positive influence still exists,itmay be the entrepreneurial parents transfer the informal human capital and wealth to offspring.
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