文章摘要
Eric Hanushek著,唐一鹏编译.人力资本与发展中国家的经济增长[J].教育经济评论,2017,(1):3-19
人力资本与发展中国家的经济增长
Economic Growth in Developing Countries:The Role of Human Capital
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 人力资本;经济增长;认知技能;受教育年限
英文关键词: human capital;economic growth;cognitive skill;school attainment
基金项目:
作者单位
Eric Hanushek著,唐一鹏编译 著者:Eric Hanushek,斯坦福大学胡佛研究院
编译者:唐一鹏,首都师范大学教育学院。 
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中文摘要:
      人力资本是发展中国家经济增长的驱动力,对于发展中国家人力资本的关注已经导致学者们过于强调劳动力人口的受教育年限(school attainment)。发展中国家已经在学校受教育年限方面取得了相当大的进步,逐渐缩小了与发达国家之间的距离。但是,新近的研究强调认知技能对经济增长的重要作用。这一结果使学者们关注的焦点转向学校质量,而在这一方面,发展中国家并未能成功缩小其与发达国家之间的差距。如果没有学校质量的改进,发展中国家会发现想要改变其长期经济绩效是非常困难的。
英文摘要:
      The focus on human capital as a driver of economic growth for developing countries has led to undue attention on school attainment.Developing countries have made considerable progress in closing the gap with developed countries in terms of school attainment,but recent research has underscored the importance of cognitive skills for economic growth.This result shifts attention to issues of school quality and,in that area developing countries have been much less successful in closing the gaps with developed countries.Without improving school quality,developing countries will find it difficult to improve their long run economic performance.
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