文章摘要
王红,陈纯槿.城市随迁子女义务教育质量的影响因素研究——基于中国教育追踪调查数据的实证分析[J].教育经济评论,2017,(2):102-114
城市随迁子女义务教育质量的影响因素研究——基于中国教育追踪调查数据的实证分析
The Influencing Factors of Compulsory Education Quality for Rural Migrants' Children in Urban China: An Empirical Analysis Based on China Education Panel Survey
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 随迁子女教育;教育公平;教育质量;多层线性模型
英文关键词: education of migrant children;education equity;education quality;Hierarchical Linear Modeling
基金项目:全国教育科学规划国家青年课题“转型改革背景下的教育投资收益与风险评估研究”(CFA140139)。
作者单位
王红,陈纯槿 王红,华南师范大学基础教育培训与研究院;陈纯槿,华东师范大学教育学部教育经济研究所。 
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中文摘要:
      随着近年来我国城市化进程不断推进,进城务工随迁子女义务教育问题逐渐成为影响我国更高层次上促进教育公平和全面提升教育质量的主要瓶颈。基于中国教育追踪调查(CEPS)数据,本文利用多层线性模型(HLM)实证考察了影响城市随迁子女义务教育质量的因素,重点探讨随迁子女个体、家庭和学校层次因素所产生的影响。研究发现,城市随迁子女义务教育质量差异主要来源于学校内部,而且学校内部差异要远远高于校际之间的差异;良好的学校学习风气对随迁子女学业成绩有显著正向影响,兄弟姐妹数对其学业成绩则有显著负向影响,父母教育期望以及父母关系融洽对随迁子女学业成绩的影响显著为正。为此,教育政策制定者要逐步增强公立学校提供优质教育的供给能力,改善民工子弟学校的办学条件和师资水平,以保证城市随迁子女能够享有平等的优质义务教育。
英文摘要:
      Compulsory education of migrant children has gradually become the main bottleneck,which is restricting the fairness and quality of compulsory education with the progress of urbanization.Based on the survey data of China Education Panel Survey,this paper investigates the influencing factors of compulsory education quality of migrant children by using the hierarchical linear models (HLM).The results showed that difference within schools had a greater impact on migrant children's academic achievement than between schools.Positive school learning atmosphere has a significant positive impact on children's academic performance.The number of brothers and sisters had a significant negative impact on academic achievement,while parental education expectations and harmonious relationship between parents had significant positive on children's academic performance.To this end,education policy-makers should gradually increase the supply capacity of public schools to provide quality education.Government should improve the school conditions and teachers quality so as to ensure migrant children enjoy equal and high quality compulsory education.
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