文章摘要
宋映泉,曾育彪,张林秀.打工子弟学校学生初中后流向哪里?——基于北京市1866名流动儿童学生长期跟踪调研数据的实证分析[J].教育经济评论,2017,(3):20-37
打工子弟学校学生初中后流向哪里?——基于北京市1866名流动儿童学生长期跟踪调研数据的实证分析
Where Have the Migrant Students Gone after Junior High School?
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 打工子弟学校;流动儿童学生;初中后教育;就业
英文关键词: privately-run migrant schools;migrant students;education after junior high schools;employment
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重大国际合作项目“高中阶段教育公共投资战略选择:普通高中与中等职业教育发展策略研究”(71110107028)。
作者单位
宋映泉,曾育彪,张林秀 宋映泉,北京大学中国教育财政科学研究所;曾育彪,香港大学华正中国教育研究中心;张林秀,中国科学院农业政策研究中心。 
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中文摘要:
      打工子弟学校学生初中后流向哪里?他们的教育和就业前景如何?本文使用来自北京市10个区县50所打工子弟学校1866名初中二年级学生连续5年的跟踪调查数据,对这些问题进行了分析。研究发现:(1)这个群体初中后教育成就整体不高。高中(含职业学校)升学率不足40%,大学升学率不到6%。在高中阶段,就读职业学校的比例高于普通高中。在大学阶段,有近一半左右学生就读独立学院和高职高专院校。(2)这个群体整体就业水平和就业质量不高。就业者中有三分之二在低端服务行业打工,平均月薪在2500到3500元之间;10%左右以自我雇佣的方式就业;有13-21%处于无业状态。(3)他们中大多数仍然留在北京。就读职业学校的学生超过三分之二在京;上大学者中有近三成在京;不上学者中超过四分之三在京就业或无业。(4)这个群体已经开始结婚生子养育下一代,这意味着流动儿童已经开始“再生产”。本文初步分析了导致这个群体破灭的“教育梦”、低廉的“职业梦”和执拗的“留京梦”的体制因素及政策含义。
英文摘要:
      Where have the migrant students gone after junior high school? What do their educational and vocational future look like? This paper provides some preliminary answers to these questions based on a 5-year longitudinal study of 1866 migrant students from 50 privately-run migrant schools in 10 districts in Beijing.The following are the findings: (1) Those sample migrant students have a relatively low educational attainment with fewer than 40% students enrolled at high school level (including vocational high schools) and fewer than 6% in colleges.This is also indicated in the fact that there is a higher percentage of students in vocational schools than that in academic ones at the high school level and more than half of those college students are in vocational colleges and independent higher education institutions.(2) They do not have decent jobs,and they have a relatively lower rate of employment.Only 2/3 of these out-of-school sample students have jobs,but all at the lower end of the service sector with an average monthly wage ranging between 2500-3000RMB.About 10% of them is reported to have been self-employed and some 13-21% jobless.(3) A majority of them are still staying in Beijing.More than two thirds of those enrolled in vocational high schools and more than 30% of those enrolled in colleges as well as 75% of those jobless out-of-school migrant students are in Beijing.(4) Some of those sample migrant students have begun to have their own children.This means that migrant children are starting the reproduction of a new generation of the same social status.The study also analyzes the institutional reasons for the “failed education dream”,“cheap vocation dream” and “stubborn dream of staying in Beijing” among migrant students,and its policy implications.
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