文章摘要
宋玛龄,窦心浩.日本高等教育规模的地区差异及其影响因素[J].教育经济评论,2017,(3):55-70
日本高等教育规模的地区差异及其影响因素
The Regional Difference of Japanese Higher Education Scale and its Determinants
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 日本高等教育;大学容纳能力;地区差异;社会经济条件
英文关键词: Japanese higher education;capacity of university;regional difference;social and economic conditions
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作者单位
宋玛龄,窦心浩 宋玛龄,埃森哲信息技术有限公司上海分公司;窦心浩,上海外国语大学日本文化经济学院。 
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中文摘要:
      与我国一样,日本也存在着高等教育资源的地区分布不均衡问题。本研究分析了1974年至2012年日本大学容纳能力地区差异的实际情况及变化趋势,并对大学容纳能力的地域分布特点及地区差异的决定因素进行了具体的分析。研究结果表明,日本大城市的高等教育规模和其他地区之间长期存在着巨大的差距。具体而言,在日本政府的高等教育政策影响下,除个别大城市之外,各地区国立大学的容纳能力差距相对较小,而且基本不受当地的社会经济条件影响。但相比国立大学,各地区的私立大学容纳能力差距较大,深受个人所得、城市化水平及职业构造等地域社会经济条件的影响,这是造成日本高等教育规模地区差异的主要原因。
英文摘要:
      Japan faces the same problem of unbalanced regional distribution of higher education resources as China.By researching the actual situation and the trend of Japanese universities' capacity during the period of 1974 to 2012,the article analyzes the features of universities' capacity in different regions and explores the determinants of the regional difference.The result shows that,wide disparity of higher education scale between large cities and others has existed over a long period.Concretely speaking,as a result of the Japanese higher education policy,the gap of national universities' capacity between regions,except a few large cities,is relatively small.The structural conditions in various regions have little effect on the national universities' capacity.By comparison,the capacity of private universities,affected by social and economic conditions such as personal income,urbanization degree and professional structure,varies greatly between regions.And that is the main reason for the regional difference of Japanese higher education scale.
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